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Urology (from Greek οὖρον - oûron, "urine" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis). Urology is one of the most competitive specialties to enter for physicians.
The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other, so a major part of the conditions managed in urology fall in the area of genitourinary disorders. Urology combines management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as surgical problems such as the surgical management of cancers, the correction of congenital abnormalities, and correcting stress incontinence. Urology is closely related to, and in some cases overlaps with, the medical fields of oncology, nephrology, gynecology, andrology, pediatric surgery, gastroenterology, and endocrinology.
What is Urology
A urologist is a physician who has attained certification by the American Board of Urology (ABU) and has specialized knowledge and skill with regard to problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
Although urology is classified as a surgical subspecialty, because of the wide variety of clinical problems encountered, a knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties is required by the urologist.
In recognition of the wide scope of urology, the American Urological Association has identified eight subspecialty areas:
What is a Urologist?
What is Board Certification?
The Board Certification process includes the following components:
Must have graduated from an approved medical school.
Must have completed an ACGME accredited urology residency program which is a minimum of five years in length. Twelve months must be spent in general surgery and 48 months must be spent in clinical urology; of the remaining 12 months, a minimum of six months must be spent in general surgery, urology. The final 12 months of training must be spent as a senior/chief resident in urology with appropriate clinical responsibility under supervision.
The entering urological resident who has completed a general surgery program has developed the intensive and critical care skills which are so important to the appropriate management of the urologic patient.
After satisfactory completion of graduate education, surgeons may apply for certification by the ABU.
Applicants approved by the Board to enter the certification process must complete both a Qualifying Examination (Part I) and, after passing this examination, a subsequent Certifying Examination (Part II).
What is the American Board of Urology?
The American Board of Urology was organized in 1934 and was incorporated in 1935. The objective of the American Board of Urology is to identify for the patient and public those physicians who have satisfied the Board's criteria for certification and re-certification in the specialty of urology.
The American Board of Urology and the various other specialty boards are members of the American Board of Medical Specialties. The American Board of Medical Specialties, in conjunction with the Residency Review Committee for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), has established academic standards for specialization which the American Board of Urology, Inc, has adopted.
(1) ^ Ahmed K, Jawad M, Dasgupta P, Darzi A, Athanasiou T, Khan MS. Assessment and maintenance of competence in urology. Nature Rev Urol. 2010 Jul;7(7):403-1
What is the Meaning of Certification by the ABU?
To be certified by the American Board of Urology, the urologist must have met a standard in urology by fulfilling specified educational and examination requirements. Once certified, the urologic surgeon who wishes to maintain certified status upon expiration of the original certificate must complete a re-certification process every ten years for certificates issued on or after January 1, 1985.
TherMatrx is a safe and effective treatment for relief of enlarged prostate symptoms. It is a form of transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT)- Commonly called thermotherapy that applies gentle heat to a very precise area of the prostate, resulting in a long-term symptomatic relief.
TherMatrx is the most widely used BPH thermotherapy treatment in the United States because of its:
The Procedure is designed for use in you doctor’s office. No cutting or incision is needed. Instead, the urologist temporarily inserts small, flexible catheter into the urethra; the system begins to work by slowly raising the temperature in a very specific area of the prostate. This causes changes to the area of the prostate. The symptoms associated with your enlarged prostate usually begin to improve within six weeks. For most men, a single treatment is effective for long-lasting symptom relief.